In Antiquity

Athenaion
Al'ma-Kermen
Bulganak
Gurzufskoye Sedlo
Dandake
"Ancient Chersonesos"of Strabo
"Another Harbor of the Chersonesites"
Eupatorion
Kalos Limen
Kara-tobe
Kerkinitis
Kermen-kyr
Kermenchik
Ktenous
Lagyra
Lampas
Napites
Neapolis
Palakion
Roman strongholds
The Sanctuary on the Isthmus of the Saki Lake
Symbolon Limen
"Walls"
Ust'-Al'ma
Chabaioi
Charax

In the Middle Ages

 
Lampas

This Greek word, in direct translation, means "lighthouse." Arrianos (II century AD) called this city a "place in the Tauric land".

"From Athenaion or the harbor of the Scytho-Taurians to Lampas are 600 stadia or 80 miles; there was a station for ships. From Lampas to the high mountain of Ram's Forehead, a cape of the Tauric land, are 220 stadii or 29 1/3 miles. According to some legends, Iphigenia, once kidnapped in Aulide, arrived to this land..." - this is the unonimous author of the Black Sea Circle Navigation, which dates to the second half of the 6th century (Anon. PPE 78, 79).

The Hellenes preferred coastwise navigation; it was assumed to lose sight of the coast only at the worst, for example when they started from the southern coast of Pontos (Black Sea) and tried to reach Taurica (Crimea). Located at the southern extremity of the Crimean peninsula, the lighthouse showed the way for the ships, which dared to cross Pontos Euxeinos in this most narrow point. Near the lighthouse there was a town where tired of the dangerous trip travelers could rest and repair their ships.

Lampas was probably located on the cape of Plakous ("Flaky Pie") to the east from Ayu-dag ("Holy Mountain"). There, on the steep precipices of the cape, in fissures and clefts, the well-known expert of the Crimean antiquities, the student of Chersonesos, and poet L. V. Firsov found fragments of Hellenistic ceramic wares.

...Many new peoples migrated to the Crimea to take place of their predecessors and, in their own turn, were substituted by the others, but the lighthouse on Plakous cape was still alight. In the Middle Ages its place was occupied by a small Christian church, lights of which showed the way to seamen. A small medieval fortress (isar) was established nearby.

In course of time, the name of this place changed as well. In Turcic pronunciation, the Greek word "lampas" became "lambat". Thus a strange bilingual, half-Greek and half-Tartar, name of Kyuchyuk-lambat ("small lighthouse") appeared. Nowadays it is Kiparisnoye ("Cypress") village.


© N. Khrapunov.


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